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Monday, 16 April 2018

THE USE OF MILITARY ALPHABETS AND CODES.

Have you ever watched a war film and wondered, “What’s a Foxtrot? Who is Charlie? Did someone say Tango?” These unusual words belong to a powerful code language known as the military alphabet. Servicemen and women use this language to improve clarity of communication, and sometimes as a form of slang.
The military alphabet consists of 27 code words. Each represents one letter of the English alphabet. For instance, “Alpha” means “A,” “Bravo” means B, and so on. Multiple code words often are combined to form words or expressions. For example, to say “dog,” one would say “Delta-Oscar-Golf.” None of the 27 code words sound alike, so there is no doubt what is said when spelling this way.
A - Alpha
B - Bravo
C - Charlie
D - Delta
E - Echo
F - Foxtrot
G - Golf
H - Hotel
I - India
J - Juliet
K - Kilo
L - Lima
M - Mike
N - November
O - Oscar
P - Papa
Q - Quebec
R - Romeo
S - Sierra
T - Tango
U - Uniform
V - Victor
W - Whiskey
X - X-ray
Y - Yankee
Z - Zulu
Hotel Alpha Victor Echo Foxtrot Uniform November!


ok these are the numbers. most are the same as how you know them, yes i know but still this is what they use

0-zero
1-Wun
2-Two
3-Tree
4-Fower
5-Fife
6-Six
7-Seven
8-Ait
9-Niner

Military Alphabet is often used by service men and women as a form of slang or euphemism. Below are some of our favorites.
ExpressionTranslationMeaning
Whiskey Tango FoxtrotWhat the F*ck?Expression of bewilderment at a FUBAR situation
Charlie FoxtrotCluster F*ckAn operation where things have gone disastrously wrong
Alpha Mike FoxtrotAdios Mother F*ckerSaid before assaulting an enemy
Whiskey DeltaWeak DickSomeone who lacks courage or is weak willed
Echo Tango SierraExpiration Term of ServiceSomeone who is about to complete their tour of duty
Lima Lima Mike FoxtrotLost Like a Mother F*ckerLost
Sierra HotelSh*t's HotRefers to something/someone that is excellent or has shown great skill
November GolfNot GoodA failure


 

Use in the Armed Forces

You may have noticed that many english letters sound similar. For example, it’s common to mistake “B” for a “P,” “C” for “E,” and so on. For most of us, this sort of error might cause a mislabeled package shipment or a misspelled dinner invitation. However, for a soldier or fighter pilot, a misheard command or radio signal can mean life or death.
Therefore, radio operators in the armed services often rely on the military alphabet when sending codes or relaying important information. This ensures clear communication, regardless of background noise or radio interference.
In addition, men and women in the service often use the “alpha bravo charlie” alphabet as a form of shorthand or slang. Some popular expressions include:
  • Oscar-Mike (“on the move”): a unit is moving between positions
  • Charlie Mike (“continue mission”): a mission will continued following an interruption
  • Tango Delta (“target down”): the enemy was eliminated
  • Lima Charlie (“loud and clear”): confirmation of received instruction.

    Use Outside the Military

    Military alphabet has also proven a very useful tool in civilian life. Here are just a few examples:
  • Commercial airlines across the globe use the alpha bravo charlie language to communicate flight coordinates and passenger names. Some airlines replace Delta (code for “d”) with an alternative word. This is to avoid confusion with Delta Airlines.  This is sometimes known as the Aviation Alphabet Banks, traders and financial institutions often use the military alphabet when ordering large transactions over the phone.
  • Is Military Alphabet a Phonetic Alphabet?

    Many refer to the military alphabet as a phonetic alphabet. This is technically not accurate. A phonetic alphabets aids in the pronunciation of words. The military alphabet is used to spell out words, and is more correctly known as a “spelling alphabet”.

    History of the Military Alphabet

    Over the the first half of the 20th century, several different spelling alphabets came in and out of use. Then, in 1957, Nato and the US introduced a common system, which still remains in use.

    WW1-WW2

    The earliest use of into use during the early twentieth century. AM radio technology enabled pilots to coordinate with ground control, but poor signal and radio interference caused frequent errors. To solve this problem, flight associations started using code words to represent easily confused letters.
    During WWI, the British Royal Airforce introduced the first complete spelling alphabet, the RAF radio alphabet.
    Later, in 1927, the International Telegraph Union (ITU) developed a spelling alphabet for telegram communication. Over time, this system grew in popularity. By the start of WWII, most commercial airlines around the globe were using the ITU code words.
    The next major evolution took place in 1941, around the start of the Second World War II. At this time, the US introduced a standard spelling language across all branches of the armed forces. The Joint Army / Navy Phonetic Alphabet, also known as the “Able Baker Charlie” alphabet, can be heard in movies and TV shows dating from the 1950s. It has even made its way into modern cinematic depictions of WWII, such as Saving Private Ryan.

    1957 – Present

    In 1957, the U.S. armed forces and NATO adopted a common alphabet known as the International Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet (IRSA), or the Nato Phonetic Alphabet for short. The ICAO (International Civil Aviation Authority) developed this system after years of careful research and testing. Critically, the ICAO tested each code word in many common dialects. As a result, the IRSA has stood the test of time as an international standard.
    The US government initially classified the IRSA as confidential, but soon later released it to the public.The IRSA remains in use today, and has only grown more popular with time. Today we have come to know this extraordinary code language simply as the “military alphabet.”
    however all the world military have agreed to use this code.
     

Wednesday, 4 April 2018

APPLYING THE SUN TZU ART OF WAR TO DAILY LIFE

                     
Sun Tzu was a legendary military strategist in ancient China and he is the author of the famous book, The Art of War. He was a master of “soft power” and the father of “agile warfare.” Whenever possible, he preferred to win without fighting or, at the very least, to win the easiest battles first.

He wrote, “In war, the victorious strategist only seeks battle after the victory has been won.” He advised his troops to “make your way by unexpected routes and attack unguarded spots.” And he further stated, “Military tactics are like water. For water, in its natural course, runs away from high places and hastens downwards. So, in war, the way is to avoid what is strong and strike at what is weak.”
sunThe teachings of Sun Tzu extend far beyond the field of battle because they are focused on finding the easiest way to achieve a specific goal. His approaches can be applied to everything from business growth and goal setting to weight loss and habit formation.
Let's talk about how to apply military strategy to our daily lives.
 

The Battle for Better Habits

Too often, we try to build new habits, achieve big goals, and otherwise “win at life” through sheer force. We fight our battles directly and attack the enemy — in this case, our bad habits — at the point where they are strongest.
For example:
  • We try to follow a strict diet while we are out to dinner with friends.
  • We try to write a book in a noisy environment.
  • We try to eat healthy in a house filled with sweets and sugar.
  • We try to do our homework with the television on.
  • We try to concentrate while using a smartphone filled with social media apps, games, and other distractions.
And when we fall off course and fail to achieve our goals, we blame ourselves for “not wanting it badly enough” and for not having enough willpower. In many cases, however, failure is not a result of poor willpower, but a result of poor strategy.
Good military leaders start by winning easy battles and improving their position. They wait until the opposition is weakened and morale is low before they take on their foe directly. Why start a war by fighting battles in areas that are well-defended? Why start new habits in an environment that makes progress difficult?
Sun Tzu would never lead his army into a battle where the terrain was not to his advantage. He would not begin by attacking the point where the enemy is strongest. Similarly, we should make easy improvements to our habits first, build our strength, and establish a better position from which to attack the most difficult changes.

Sun Tzu, Master of Habits

Let's adapt Sun Tzu's teachings to building better habits.
Example 1:
  • Sun Tzu: “You can be sure in succeeding in your attacks if you only attack places which are undefended.”
  • Adapted: “You can be sure in succeeding in your habits if you only build habits which are easy to maintain.”
Example 2:
  • Sun Tzu: “He will win who knows when to fight and when not to fight.”
  • Adapted: “He will improve his behavior who knows which habits to start with and which ones to leave for later.”
Example 3:
  • Sun Tzu: “A clever general, therefore, avoids an army when its spirit is keen, but attacks it when it is sluggish and inclined to return.”
  • Adapted: “A clever person, therefore, avoids the areas where bad habits are strongest, but attacks them where they are weak and easy to change.”

Fight Battles You Are Destined to Win

Becoming better is not simply a matter of willpower or work ethic. It’s also a matter of strategy. What people assume is a lack of willpower or an unwillingness to change is often a consequence of trying to build good habits in bad environments.
  • If you are trying to read more books, don’t do it in a room filled with video games, Netflix, and a television. Move to a less distracting environment.
  • If you’re very overweight, don’t try to follow a workout program for college athletes. You can get there eventually, but that’s not a battle you need to fight right now. Start with a manageable change.
  • If you’re surrounded by people who tear down your goals, then work on your projects in a different location or reach out to like-minded people.
  • If you’re trying to stick to a writing habit when your kids are home from school and your house is in chaos, then work on it at a different time. Switch to a time of less resistance.
Build your habits where it is easy to do so. Re-define the situation. Create a game where the odds are stacked in your favor.
It sounds simple, but how often do you find yourself fighting difficult battles and ignoring easy ones? There is plenty of time to fight the difficult battles. Win the easy battles first.
The smartest path is to improvement is the one of least resistance. Fight battles you are destined to win.

You can check out the  SUN ART OF WAR ARTICLE HERE IN ENGLISH VERSION


 Thanks for reading.
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NIGERIA DEFENCE ACADEMY (APRIL 2018 UPDATE)

The Nigerian Defence Academy, NDA entrance exam date & training date for 2018/2019 (70th Regular Course) have been released. This was issued alongside the announcement of commencement of NDA admission application exercise.
Candidates who want to apply should please note that only candidates who meet the JAMB national cut- off mark will be eligible. Only those candidates would be allowed to sit for the NDA Entrance Examination at their Examination Centre of choice. The examination will be conducted as an Entrance Examination (similar to Post–UTME examination in conventional universities). The Nigerian Defence Academy has scheduled the exam date as Saturday 19th May, 2018. Therefore, all eligible candidates are to bring along the following to the NDA examination venue.
CHECK THIS : NDA Exam Center Selection & Exam Card Printing – 2018/2019
THINGS TO TAKE ALONG TO NDA EXAMINATION CENTER: All candidates would note that they are to take the following along to the Examination Centre on the set NDA examination date.
  • Acknowledgement Form (downloaded from NDA Application Portal)
  • Examination Admission Card (downloaded from NDA Application Portal)
  • JAMB 2017 Registration Slip
  • Two postcard size (3.5 x 5 inches) photographs.  Candidate’s Name, State of Origin, Course chosen, Exam centre and Examination number should be written at the back of the photographs.
  • Writing materials, including original HB pencil.
The photographs should show only from the chest upwards and should contain the candidate’s Name, Exam number, State, Exam Centre, Course of study and Signature at the back.
Only successful candidates at the NDA Entrance Examination will subsequently be invited for the Armed Forces Selection Board following which the list of admitted candidates will be published.

Nature and Duration of NDA Training for 2018/2019

Admitted candidates into NDA for the Regular Course will undergo military and academic training as Officer Cadets for a duration of 5 years. On successful completion of training, graduands will earn a honours degree in a core discipline (BSc, BEng, BA). They will equally earn a commission into the Armed Forces of Nigeria.

Regular Course cadets will train in NDA. All aspects of the cadets’ administration and logistics will be borne by the Federal Government.

Remember ignore anybody promising to be your godfather for you to secure an admission into Nda by giving them money. They are simply 419. even this blog is not run by Nda so be careful of scammers. Remember the story of the guy that got admitted without a godfather - read this post -The story of The N.D.A applicant that got admission into the Nigeia Defence Academy without a god-father. Part 1- If he can do it. you can do it too.


Also remember to check this post before leaving -WHAT YOU SHOULD EXPECT FROM .THE NIGERIA DEFENCE ACADEMY. to all applicants.


Any problem- comments below. ALSO DON'T FORGET TO SHARE.

FIRE DISCIPLINE- A MILITARY THEOREM TO APPLY IN EVERYDAY LIFE



Image result for fire discipline

Fire discipline implies firstly, the restraints or self-discipline to open fire at the correct time and place and secondly implicit obedience of fire control for instance, in defence, the enemy will often try to make the defender discloses his position by sending out patrols to draw his fire, it is important that the defenders should not open fire on such patrols unless they are certain of killing the whole patrol. Good fire discipline is particularly important to prevent indiscriminate fire @ patrols or worse still, at imaginary patrols, noise or lights.
          This phenomenon of fire discipline can be applied as a theory in our lives. We live in a world where everybody is a soldier fighting his owner. We hustle and bustle every day, and some pretty do it out of control! Man you’ve got to stop simply because you need to get to the top of your career, business, and competition doesn’t mean you need to fire at all times you need fire discipline. Yes! Never give up but sometimes you should know when to quit or re-strategize.
 The same to have to go with emotions, every day we meet different kind of people, there are some that exist to just annoy the heck out of you. Just like I said earlier in defence the enemy will say mad things about you, provoke you, step on your nerves all this guys are patrols sent out to draw out the best in you and lose your formation, the best thing to do is to hold your fire. Never react to these provocations. After all when you eat it’s not all that go down your guts that your body need it will have to ignore some of the food to pass them straight down to the asshole.
          The same thing goes here, when you are fully motivated beyond measure and you begin to work hard relentlessly, all night you keep reading all morning you listen to your carrier seminars on your phone, all day you work in office, all day you sit at the laptop all day you are always on the social media. Man I have got to tell you that you are just pulling the trigger and you simply have no fire discipline. You will probably run out of ammo, or weapon get jammed or you are have spilled out your best, Mr reader you should know when to work and when to rest, apply simply the fire discipline to your own life and get the real concept of true battles.
          Forget about the video games and ignore those crazy movies where by you see that the action is fully bombarded with too much pulling of trigger, sometimes at battlefield there are some moment that everything is bored for the guys and they want some fun but can’t shoot anything. You can also read our post of WATCHING TOO MUCH OF ACTION MOVIES CAN GET YOU KILLED: WAYS MOVIES POTRAY FIRE FIGHT WRONG.


Ask the vets or if you are one I know you understand what am talking about.
          In Martial arts you can do 6 weeks’ intense damn workout but the smart money says you should look for rest if not you will wear out your muscles and you will produce fatigue result even the shaolin monks that spent years doing training they also spent years on resting and meditation, athletes also do the same, military men do the same, don’t over work and sometimes know when to work.
          However, nothing good comes without a disadvantage, if you can remember the 1998 Beirut barracks bombing became successful for the Islamic sects then because the soldiers present on guard are under the code of fire discipline which caused a catastrophic end simply because the soldiers could not fire at the incoming suicide bombers vehicles –their weapons were locked. Well they were simply acting on orders. Fire discipline as a theory is just like a pill; don’t use paracetamol when an illness requires chemiron. Know when to apply the principle of fire discipline in your life.
          I hope you enjoy today words on marble that I draw from military principle, stay updated for more. I remain your top military niche blogger- Afolabi Micheal.




Friday, 30 March 2018

This skills will help you in your country armed force you choose to serve in.

Your decision to pursue a career in the armed forces is one that should not be taken lightly. Are you prepared to go to war? Are you a natural born leader? Can you cope when the going gets tough? Once you have made your decision, like in any walk in life, you need to be aware of the skills and personal qualities that the armed forces will be looking for in all potential new recruits so as to give yourself a strong chance of being selected.
Some of these skills are tangible (technical ability) while others are intangible (physical and mental attributes) skills and it’s your job to demonstrate how you have used these skills in the past and potential to use them in your new career.
The key skills that recruiters seek are:
  • Patriotism – are you prepared to fight for Queen and Country?
  • Team player – although you will be leading from the front you need to be able to work as part of- and support your team
  • Leadership – an officer is expected to be self-confident and instil confidence in others
  • Communication skills – this is arguable one of the most important skills to possess. You need to be able to communicate clearly and concisely – especially at times of conflict when people’s lives may be at stake. This includes being tactful and diplomatic
  • Quick-thinking and effective problem solver – as an officer it is your job to think clearly and act decisively under pressure
  • Sense of responsibility – you are in command and you alone are responsible for your staff
  • Flexibility and adaptable to change – the very nature of the armed forces means that you may be relocated from one base to another at short notice and even to the other side of the world
  • Stamina and physical fitness is essential
  • Empathy – you may find yourself posted in some of the most deprived areas of the world where local tensions create a volatile and uneasy environment, you need to understand and relate to people from varying socio-economic backgrounds, races, cultures and religions.
Having the right qualifications is one thing but they won’t help you if you are commanding a platoon of 30 soldiers outnumbered by an encroaching enemy by 2-to-1. This is why the armed forces look for candidates who can display evidence of a range of qualities and aptitudes and it is your job to recognise these skills and make a concerted effort to acquire as many of them as possible do that you can demonstrate you’re potential to be the leader they expect you to be.

thanks for reading.

Top snipers in the world

We’ll introduce you to the deadliest snipers of today and from the history books. These men represent the pinnacle of marksmanship, and are all fascinating characters in their own right. Some, such as Chris Kyle have become household names. We encourage you to do your own research after reading our short bios, though, since these snipers are each well worth more of your time to learn about!

Deadliest snipers in the world

Corporal Rob Furlong- Canadian Army
www.afomicworld.blogspot.com
Corporal Rob Furlong held the record for the longest-distance kill shot from 2002-2009 (2,657 yards). His achievement is particularly remarkable, as the previous record had lasted several decades, since the Vietnam War.
Furlong was a self-trained sniper who taught himself to fire ambidextrously. Born in Newfoundland, he enlisted with the Canadian Army and took his first tour of duty in Afghanistan at the beginning of the NATO invasion.
His record-breaking shot took place during an operation in which his unit were tasked with stopping several Al Qaeda fighters from taking a strategic mountainside position. Firing with a sniper weapon against an enemy combatant carrying a machine gun, Furlong’s first two shots missed, but he had already fired his third before they hit! So great was the distance that the shots didn’t hit their target until a full 4 seconds after they’d left his gun.
According to analysts, he was helped in his feat by the much lower air density of the location. In other environments, he would have been far beyond his weapon’s effective range. This is commonly held to be the reason why several NATO soldiers have set range records for sniping in the Middle East, aside from improved weaponry.
Unfortunately, history may not remember Furlong entirely kindly. After returning to Canada, he took a job in the Edmonton Police Department. During a drunken episode, he harassed colleagues and even urinated on one. He was dismissed in disgrace. He currently runs his own marksmanship academy.
Sergeant Vasily Zaystev

Zaystev is one of the great snipers of history, especially during the last century. His most notable conflict was the Battle of Stalingrad. That episode of his life is now well-represented by the film Enemy At The Gates, in which Zaystev is played by Jude Law. We highly recommend watching it, if you haven’t already!
Zaystev’s story is remarkable in that it almost didn’t happen. He was serving as a clerk in the Red Army at the time of the Battle of Stalingrad, and probably wouldn’t have seen active duty had he not volunteered to join the front lines.
During the battle, he racked up 242 confirmed kills as a military sniper. A majority of his shots are thought to have been well over 1000 meters in the range. Most remarkably, he claims in his memoir to have personally conducted a vendetta against a rival German sniper, who he killed over the course of a 3-day, long-range duel. He kept the German’s scope as a memento. His feats in the service of the USSR earned him the Four Orders of Lenin Award among many other accolades.
Sergeant Chris Kyle United States Army Seal

It’s hard to think of any sniper in history with more name recognition than Chris Kyle, more commonly referred to as The American Sniper. Sgt. Kyle’s military record includes an impressive 160 confirmed kills. According to his autobiography, he believed he had probably killed more like 250 enemy fighters during his tours of duty.
By virtue of his prowess in the field, Kyle received five Bronze Star medals, and various Marine Corps Medals and Corps Commendation Medals as well. Most famously, he wrote a bestselling book entitled American Sniper. In it, he reflected on his tours of duty, as well as his struggles to return to civilian life once back in the States.
As you’ll no doubt know, a film adaptation of Kyle’s memoir was produced by Clint Eastwood and became one of the most poignant and popular films of the year.
Sadly, Sgt. Kyle’s story has a tragic end. Despite being relatively young when he returned from combat, Sgt. Kyle is no longer with us. He had made an effort to reach out to fellow vets during his time back in the States, and a fellow veteran who suffered from PTSD killed Kyle and his friend Chad at a shooting range in 2013.
Sergeant Carlos Norman Hathcock- USA Military

Alongside Chris Kyle, Sergeant Carlos Norman is one of the most exceptional snipers that the USA has ever seen. Although his kill count is not as high as that of Kyle, he earned a place in the history books by inspiring fear and hatred among the North Vietnamese during the 1960’s. Over the course of the Vietnam War, Hathcock became one of the most sought-after targets of the North. In fact, they went so far as to place a $30,000 bounty on his head. That was extraordinarily high at the time for any enemy personnel, let alone a combatant.
Despite notching just under 100 kills, far less than Sgt. Kyle, Hathcock remains a hero and inspiration to snipers today. He’s actually mentioned in the American Sniper book. Until 2002, he was the record holder for the longest recorded kill distance: 2,500 yards. Most impressively, he hadn’t even been using a sniper rifle. He’d jimmy-rigged a sniper scope onto a Browning machine gun! His courage extended to far more than taking bold shots, though. He once pulled seven comrades off a burning track by himself, after they had been hit by an anti-tank explosion. Despite suffering serious injuries himself, he saw them all to safety.
Corporal Hayha-Finland Army

Simo Hayha is commonly held to be the deadliest sniper in world history. He was a Finnish officer during World War II, and earned the nickname White Death from the Red Army. Hayha was so effective that he singlehandedly notched 542 confirmed kills, and kept his own unofficial tally which reached 705! Assuming that his meticulous notes are correct, that easily makes him the most effective sniper who’s ever taken to the field.
His story is a fascinating one: drafted after the Soviet invasion of Finland, the diminutive Hayha quickly earned a reputation as a crack shot. He was so effective against the Soviets that a Red Army sniper was personally dispatched to eliminate him. The sniper never returned to the USSR. Neither did any of the many other snipers sent to kill Hayha, who had become one of the top targets of the Red Army.
Famously, he believed that the fog of his breath would condense and give away his position, so he insisted on keeping a mouthful of snow until he was safely behind friendly lines.
Despite being shot in the face toward the end of WWII, he survived after 13 days of unconsciousness and became a figure of both national and international legend. He lived to the ripe old age of 96, finally dying in 2002.
Unnamed Royal Marine, UK

The current title for World’s Deadliest Sniper (still living) is thought to be an unnamed Corporal in the British Royal Marines. According to military officials, and reported in The Telegraph, he has notched 173 confirmed kills fighting the Taliban in Afghanistan. That bests the previous record, held by Sgt. Chris Kyle.
This sniper has remained unnamed, as the British military fears that he would become a Taliban target if his identity were revealed. He still inspires fierce loyalty among comrades and new recruits, especially since he is known to have taken down 90 enemy combatants in a single day of fighting.

Ranjith Premasiri Madalana, 180 kills, Sri Lanka

Ranjith Premasiri Madalana
kithmal-photography
Not much is known about this Sri Lankan soldier, except that he had 180 confirmed kills against LTTE. He would later be killed by an enemy sniper in 2009.

Adelbert Waldron, 109 kills, USA

Adelbert Waldron
Infantry.com
One of the most accurate shots, Waldron had the highest number of kills in the Vietnam War. It is said that once he and his fellow soldiers, while riding along the Mekong river, were attacked by an enemy sniper from the shore 900 metres away. While the rest of the soldiers looked hard to spot the sniper, Waldron picked up his rifle and killed the perpetrator sitting on top of a coconut tree with a single shot. That this was done from a moving platform is an incredible feat in itself. By the end of the war, he had amassed some 109 confirmed kills.

Roza Shanina, 59 kills, Soviet Union

Roza Shanina

She joined the army after her brother was killed in 1941, and in a short career, managed to kill 59 enemy soldiers. She soon rose through the ranks and was awarded Orders of Glory and Medal of Courage. And courageous she was. She was killed while shielding her commanding officer in an artillery attack at the age of 20.

 I hope you enjoy todays post thanks for reading.


Wednesday, 21 March 2018

COUNTRIES CURRENTLY @ WAR AND THE WORLD MOST WAR-TORN COUNTRIES

 THE LIST GOES AS FOLLOWS.
Afghanistan (2001-Present)

The U.S. launched its offensive in 2011 following 9/11 to oust the Taliban regime, which it accused of shielding al Qaeda. Already the longest war in U.S. history, the conflict is at a stalemate, with the U.S. commander in Afghanistan earlier this month requesting an increase in troop levels above the current 8,400.
Iraq (2003-Present)

While Saddam Hussein was toppled within weeks and the last troops were withdrawn by President Barack Obama in 2011, the U.S. remains heavily involved in the conflict in Iraq. Since 2014, airstrikes have been carried out and troops sent back to attempt to counter the Islamic State group.
Syria (2011-Present)

A bloody civil war that exploded into a melting pot of international conflict, the war in Syria also helped give rise to the growth of ISIS. The U.S., Russia, Turkey, Iran and France have all been major players.
Yemen (2015-Present)

Another Middle Eastern conflict in which the U.S. has been intimately involved, Yemen was the scene of Trump’s first, heavily criticized, counterterrorism mission last month. The U.S. has been aiding the Saudi Arabia-backed Arab coalition supporting Yemen’s president against the Iran-backed Houthi rebels.
Somalia (1991-Present)

Though some stability has been achieved with the swearing in five years ago of the country’s first formal Parliament since the outbreak of fighting, peace and security remain some way off. The U.S. continues to support the government and Kenya in attempting to counter the terrorist threat of al Qaeda and al-Shabab.
Nigeria (2009-Present)

Africa’s most populous country has been fighting an internal war to stymie the rise of the Boko Haram terrorist group. The group, which has links to ISIS, has captured large areas in the majority-Muslim north of Nigeria.Also herdsmen attack look like a terrorist encrypted sect being battled with
South Sudan (2013-Present)

While South Sudan broke away from Sudan in 2011, conflict in the world’s newest country has continued. More than 50,000 people have been killed and a further 1.6 million displaced since fighting broke out in 2013. The country Monday became the first in six years to declare a famine.
Ukraine (2014-Present)

Europe’s bloodiest conflict in two decades began with protests that led to the ouster of pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych. Soon, Russia annexed Crimea, an autonomous region of southern Ukraine and fighting continues in eastern Ukraine.
Libya (2011-Present)

An uprising as part of the Arab Spring in 2011 led to the ouster and death of Col. Moammar Gadhafi, with help from the U.S. and NATO allies. But the U.S. continues to be involved in strikes against ISIS fighters in the country.
India/Pakistan (2016-Present)

Hostilities over the disputed region of Kashmir have already been at the heart of two wars fought between India and Pakistan. Hostilities sparked again last September when India responded to an attack on an army base it blamed on militants from Pakistan by launching a strike on the Pakistani side of the divide. Fire has continued to be exchanged across the Line of Command that divides Kashmir.

 THE LIST OF WAR-TORN COUNTRIES GOES AS FOLLOWS

Afghanistan

Beginning in 2001, U.S. forces raided Afghanistan to first topple the Taliban and then gradually ensure the complete eradication of the Taliban from Afghan territory while rebuilding core institutions in the country. The U.S. also implemented counter-insurgency troops in the country to protect the civilians from Taliban attacks, and to allow the Afghan government to establish it's position in the country in a steady manner. However, despite all of the measures undertaken, insurgency clashes and Taliban attacks continue to persist in the country. The current war situation in Afghanistan continues to claim civilian lives through bombings, crossfires, assassinations, and improvised explosive devices.

Iraq

The long history of Iraq has been marred several times by the ravages of war. The Second Kurdish–Iraqi War (1974–1975), the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988), and the Gulf War (1990–1991) are some of the major wars fought by Iraq in the past century. In 2003, U.S. forces invaded Iraq to overthrow the Iraqi government led by Saddam Hussein, and the war that ensured ultimately led to Saddam’s defeat in the war and his consequent death. War and conflict also appears to haunt the country in the present time, as much of the country is in the grip of the Iraqi Civil War. In 2014, the Iraqi insurgency achieved the status of a Civil War when the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) conquered major areas in northern Iraq. The ISIS militants, not limiting their actions to only Iraq, have also terrorized much of the world with their acts of extreme violence. This has forced countries like the U.S., Iran, Syria, and other countries to aid the Iraqi Government to resist the growth and spread of ISIS militants. A shocking study reveals that around half a million Iraqis, including those killed directly or indirectly, lost their lives to warfare between 2003 and 2011.

Syria

Currently, the gravity of the civil war situation in Syria is drawing attention from across the globe. The war started with the spread of the wave of Arab Spring protests in Syria in the early spring of 2011. The revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests swept across Syria, demanding the eradication of President Bashar al-Assad’s government. The government’s forces meted out a violent response to these protests, which were heavily criticized by the European Union and the United Nations. The civilian protests soon transformed into an armed rebellion, and escalated into the Syrian Civil War of the present day. The war has displaced more than 11 million Syrians from their homelands, and claimed the lives of at least 250,000 people. Although peace initiatives have been attempted, fighting continues on as of the end of 2017.

Countries Currently Experiencing War

Ukraine

Ukraine stands torn apart between the influences of the Russian government in the east and the European Union in the west. After Russia’s annexation of Crimea in March of 2014 and a cease-fire violation in Ukraine in September of the same year, Ukraine decided in June of 2015 to ban Russian flights from flying into the country, and also suspended gas purchases from Russia. In 2017, war in Ukraine still rages on, in a conflict known as the War in Donbass. Communities such as Marinka and Avdiivka, in eastern Ukraine, are amongst the country’s most war torn areas.

Yemen

Since 2015, Yemen has been involved in a Civil War. The war is being fought between two sides, both of which claim to be the legitimate Yemeni government. These sides are the forces associated with Ali Abdullah Saleh, who are based in Sana’a, and the forces loyal to Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who are based in the port city of Aden. To make matters work, deadly attacks have also been carried out in Yemen by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (or ISIS), as well as Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).

Democratic Republic of the Congo

There are a number of ongoing conflicts currently happening in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), some of which have been going on since as early as the 1970s. These include the guerilla campaign of the Lord’s Resistance Army Insurgency, the Batwa-Luba Clashes, the Kivu Conflict, and the Ituri Conflict – although this has been defined as “low-level conflict” since 2003. Due to the presence of armed groups, the United States government currently warns against all travel to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Mexico

Mexico may stand out as an interesting inclusion on this list. Although the country is not currently engaged in any formal war or civil war, the Mexican Drug War remains one of the deadliest conflicts of the current age. The war has officially been ongoing since 2006, and it is estimated that as many as 120,000 people have lost their lives as a result of it. An additional number of people, estimated to be around 27,000, have been characterized as missing as a result of the war.

Central African Republic

The Central African Republic, a landlocked country in Africa, has for long been involved in a series of military coups and rebellions that have ravaged the economy of the nation, causing widespread instability in the country. Currently, the country is in the grip of an ongoing civil war being fought between the government forces and the Séléka rebel coalition. The war, which started on December 10th, 2012, has witnessed the rapid growth of the Séléka rebels who were held responsible for the wanton destruction of a large number of towns and villages in the country and the murder of thousands of innocent civilians.