Saturday, 18 November 2017


It should be no surprise that skills learned in the military such as decision-making under pressure, organization, and leadership translate well to the corporate boardroom. And those skills tend to make a big difference, with companies led by former military officers tending to show better performance.
People like Fred Smith or Sam Walton have become household names for their business success. Lesser known is their service prior to the companies they founded.
After World War II, nearly 50% of veterans went the entrepreneurship route, though that number has substantially declined today. Still, there are currently around 3 million veteran-owned businesses.
Here are 9 companies started by military veterans.

   . RE/MAX, cofounded by Air Force veteran Dave Liniger

1. RE/MAX, cofounded by Air Force veteran Dave Liniger
Prior to founding "Real Estate Maximums" — better known as RE/MAX— Dave Liniger served in the Air Force during the Vietnam War.
From 1965 to 1971, he served as an enlisted airman in Texas, Arizona, Vietnam, and Thailand, according to his LinkedIn.
"The military really gave me the chance to grow up. It was fun. I thought it was a fabulous place," he told Airport Journals. "It also taught me self-discipline and a sense of responsibility."
After he got out of the military, he started flipping houses for profit, and eventually got his real estate license. He cofounded RE/MAX with his wife Gail in 1973.

2. Sperry Shoes, founded by Navy veteran Paul A. Sperry

2. Sperry Shoes, founded by Navy veteran Paul A. Sperry
You can thank a former sailor in the US Naval Reserve for inventing the world's first boat shoe.
In 1917, Sperry joined the Navy Reserve, though he didn't stay in for very long. He was released from duty at the end of the year at the rank of Seaman First Class.
Still, his experience there and further adventures sailing led to the founding of his company, which eventually created the first non-slip boating shoe. He founded Sperry in 1935.
During World War II, his Sperry Top-Sider shoes were purchased by the boatload by the Navy. Now nearly a century later, they are still a favorite of sailors everywhere.

3. FedEx, founded by Marine Corps veteran Fred Smith

3. FedEx, founded by Marine Corps veteran Fred Smith
F. Carter Smith/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Back before FedEx was the behemoth logistics company it is today, founder Fred Smith was observing how the military was getting things from point A to point B.
After graduating from Yale University, he was commissioned as a Marine Corps officer and served two tours in Vietnam. He earned a Bronze Star, Silver Star, and two Purple Hearts, according to US News.
Only two years after he left the Corps, he started Federal Express.
"Much of our success reflects what I learned as a Marine," he wrote for "The basic principles of leading people are the bedrock of the Corps. I can still recite them from memory, and they are firmly embedded in the FedEx culture."

4. Walmart, cofounded by Army veteran Sam Walton

4. Walmart, cofounded by Army veteran Sam Walton
WalMart is the largest company in the world.
It was founded by a former Army intelligence officer named Sam Walton. From 1942 to 1945, Walton was in the Army and eventually rose to the rank of captain. His brother (and cofounder) Bud served as a bomber pilot for the Navy in the Pacific.
According to the company's history, Sam Walton's first WalMart store, called Walton's Five and Dime, was started with $5,000 he saved from his time serving in the Army and a $25,000 loan from his father-in-law.

5. GoDaddy, founded by Marine Corps veteran Bob Parsons

5. GoDaddy, founded by Marine Corps veteran Bob Parsons
John Sciulli/Getty Images for Fight Night
The company responsible for registering a large portion of the world's web domains, GoDaddy, is the brainchild of Marine veteran Bob Parsons.
Parsons enlisted in the Corps in 1968 and later served in Vietnam, where he earned a Combat Action Ribbbon, the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry, and the Purple Heart for wounds he received in combat.
"I absolutely would not be where I am today without the experiences I had in the Marine Corps," he writes on his website.
In 1997, he started GoDaddy. In 2014, it filed for a $100 million IPO. He left the company around that time to focus on his philanthropic efforts.

6. WeWork, founded by Israeli Navy veteran Adam Neumann

6. WeWork, founded by Israeli Navy veteran Adam Neumann
Adam NeumannAdam Neumann
Hot coworking startup WeWork is the 9th most valuable startup in the world, and it was started by a veteran of the Israeli navy.
Adam Neumann started a coworking office space for entrepreneurs in New York City back in 2011. Today, WeWork has 128 offices in 39 cities around the world.
Born in Tel Aviv, Israel, Neumann served as a navy officer there for five years before moving to the US in 2001.

7. Taboola, founded by Israeli Army veteran Adam Singolda

7. Taboola, founded by Israeli Army veteran Adam Singolda
Taboola Founder and CEO Adam Singolda. Taboola
Another veteran of the Israel Defense Forces is Adam Singolda, the founder of content recommendation engine Taboola.
Like many other successful Israeli entrepreneurs who served in the IDF (military service is mandatory in Israel), Singolda developed many of the skills that would help his company later on in the military intelligence field.
He ended up serving for seven years as an officer with the elite Unit 8200, the Israeli military's version of the NSA.
He started Taboola back in 2007, and you have surely seen his work under the many millions of articles who feature "Content You May Like" that the company generates at the bottom. Taboola raised a round of financing in 2015 that put its value at close to $1 billion.

8. Kinder Morgan, cofounded by Army veteran Richard Kinder

8. Kinder Morgan, cofounded by Army veteran Richard Kinder
REUTERS/Richard Carson
The fourth largest energy company in North America was cofounded by Vietnam veteran Richard Kinder. Along with his business partner William Morgan, he started the company in 1997.
He earned his law degree at the University of Missouri before serving in Vietnam as a US Army captain. He was in uniform for four years as a Judge Advocate General officer (aka a military lawyer).

9. USAA, founded by a group of Army officers

9. USAA, founded by a group of Army officers
Flickr/Fort Rucker
It may not be a huge surprise that USAA — a company that exclusively caters to military veterans and their families — was started by veterans.
Interestingly though, it doesn't have just one founder. It has 25.
Back in the 1920s, it was pretty hard for military service members to get (or keep) auto insurance, since it was either way too expensive or likely to get cancelled since they moved around so much.
So Maj. William Henry Garrison and 24 of his fellow Army officers got together in 1922 and formed their own mutual company to insure themselves, according to Today, the United Services Automobile Association provides insurance, banking, and investment services to nearly 12 million members.


How many did you enjoy killing in the war, grandad?

A controversial new book claims that, far from hating war, soldiers thrive on the thrill of dispatching the enemy. 
Since the end of conscription, the British army has tried a variety of tricks to lure young men and women to take the queen's fivepence. See the world, get yourself a trade, drive vehicles with big wheels, do exciting outdoor stuff with ropes . . . Lately, army advertising campaigns have developed along more humanitarian lines. On guard duty in a convoy, the truck full of refugees in front of you hits a landmine. How will you get over to them to help? Or your squad is stuck in a snowstorm for the night, and you only have one blanket. Who will you give it to? What the recruitment ads don't emphasise is that, however much the role of the military may have changed, armies go to war and soldiers kill people. And whereas a fast-jet pilot or sailor can have long-range contact with the enemy, the soldier must be ready to fight hand to hand, eyeball to eyeball.
Combat is terrible work, certainly. Horrific, dehumanising, one would think, and that is perhaps why the recruitment ads avoid it. But an extraordinary new book, collating the correspondence of hundreds of ordinary soldiers from the 20th-century's greatest wars, purports to have proved the opposite. An Intimate History of Killing: Face-to-Face Killing in Twentieth Century Warfare rips the subject open. The unspoken truth about this legalised, state-sanctioned taking of lives, the book says, is that many soldiers have found it thrilling and highly pleasurable.
As its author, Dr Joanna Bourke, expected, the book has already attracted fierce criticism from some reviewers, notably Anthony Beevor, author of Stalingrad. And although she is getting support from individual old soldiers, veterans' associations have reacted with outrage.
Bourke is an apparently unlikely stirrer of the stuffy world of military history. In her cramped office at Birkbeck College, she wears a chic trouser suit and platform heels. Despite the lever arch box file next to her foot labelled "bayonets, snipers, atrocities", she is not a military historian, she says, but a cultural historian of the military: one of her earlier books was an economic history of housework in Ireland.
She began digging into military matters with her last book, Dismembering the Male: Men's Bodies, Britain and the Great War, which examines the different compensation rates paid to men who lost bodily bits in world war one: so much for an arm, so much for a leg, so much for the genitalia. While searching the voluminous collections of letters and diaries held by the Imperial War Museum, she was surprised to read recurrent accounts by soldiers of their intense enjoyment of killing.
Time and again, in the hundreds of letters written to loved ones back home by frontline troops in both world wars and in Vietnam, Bourke read an unequivocal message. For sheer excitement, the writers confessed, there is little to beat ramming your bayonet into another man's body.
"One day I secured a direct hit on an enemy encampment, saw bodies or parts of bodies go up in the air, and heard the desperate yelling of the wounded or the runaways," wrote an officer commanding a trench mortar in world war one. "I had to confess to myself that it was one of the happiest moments of my life."
Another soldier admitted that the first time he stuck a German with a bayonet was "gorgeously satisfying". From Vietnam, a soldier wrote of the "sense of power, of looking down the barrel of a rifle at somebody and saying, 'Wow, I can drill this guy'."
The willingness to confess to this ecstasy of killing in letters to mothers, wives and girlfriends invariably vanished by the time soldiers returned home, says Bourke. "How many did you kill in the war, dad?" rarely got a ready answer, the earlier confessional eagerness having been replaced in some cases by shame.
Many of the histories of modern warfare have focused on the terror, squalor, deprivation and hardship, despite overwhelming evidence (Bourke says it is "as good as it gets" in her subject) that men derived pleasure from it.
Few sources are richer for historians than military archives. Bourke has picked diaries and letters by 300 men from each war, a "fabulous sample", she enthuses. "It's really difficult to get letters and diaries from the past from outside the upper middle classes. The only time working class people wrote letters was in war."
If the thrill factor is so obvious, why hasn't it been publicised before, let alone been written about by academics? There are many reasons, she says. "Clearly we don't want to encourage war. It's actually disturbing for us to acknowledge that ordinary people have this ability to get pleasure from acts of extreme violence against fellow human beings.
"There's also this notion that somehow it does discredit to the combatants that they get pleasure. It puts a question mark over our motives for war and killing."
Bourke knows she is raking a hornets' nest. Members of veterans' associations have stood up to denounce her thesis at pre-publication lectures and talks. She spent Easter at the Australian Defence Force Academy in Canberra, talking about her work. "I got the clear message that they'd rather I wasn't saying these things." But from the handful of letters she has so far received from individual ex-servicemen who have got to hear about her work comes confirmation and support for what she is saying. One of her postcards, from a former army captain who fought in the Korean war, said her research had got it just right: he recalled how "super" it was to wipe out the enemy, and added: "Big masturbations afterwards!"
An Intimate History of Killing has already won one award - the Fraenkel Prize in contemporary history - but the verdicts of several military historians have been less glowing. Anthony Beevor suggests Bourke's thesis was shaped to fit "a pretty extreme feminist agenda". Her analysis is ultimately inadequate, he argues, because it fails to take into account the effect of the most powerful of wartime instincts - fear. "Most wars have shown that it is self-preservation and the suppression of fear that create the biggest explosions of violence. [Bourke's] book is a polemic, not an objective work of history."
So why stir up such dark forces? What benefits can come from sending up flares to light up issues that people have instinctively avoided during peace time normality?
"It is a taboo," says Bourke. "It's not pleasant to think about and it was surprising for me when I came across it.
"But I do think there is a value in bringing it out into the open. Firstly, being a historian, I think there's a value in trying to understand what happened in the past and how people responded to major events."
She also wanted to redress some of the attitudes fostered in conflict. "I find it frankly disturbing that we do talk about how they killed us, the nasty Huns, and this notion that we were there to be killed, not to kill."
She believes that civilians on the home front often showed more bloodthirsty feelings about the enemy than did the men in the frontline, who tended to be quite sympathetic to soldiers in a similar predicament to themselves. Her chapter on women at war shows they could be equally eager to kill the enemy, particularly in anti-aircraft gunnery.
Even darker is the evidence of British and American atrocities. "We committed lots and lots of atrocities in both world wars," says Bourke, "particularly in the killing of prisoners." And rape, too, though this is harder to document. In letters and diaries from both world wars men talk of comrades committing rape, always in terms of disapproval. In Vietnam, some GIs admitted committing rape themselves. Everyone else was doing it and they risked being ostracised if they didn't follow.
The Vietnam accounts were again invariably disapproving of rape. Some men blamed the enemy for brutalising them. They described the act in violent terms, never orgasmic, unlike killing.
In trying to describe the intense thrill of killing, men in world war two and Vietnam often resorted to sexual metaphor. "It was like the best sex ever", or "I had a hard on" were common variations on a theme.
Bourke is wary of reading too much into the comparisons between sex and killing. "So many men say it that it must be the case that they got a sexual thrill, but we must be cautious," she says. "These are people trying to convey a very powerful experience and there are inadequate terms for doing it. One way of describing it to a wife or a girlfriend is to sexualise it."
"I went into this much more judgemental than I've come out," says Bourke. "I went in thinking I was dealing with an aberrant group of people somehow different from me and my friends and that's patently not the case.
"To see war and see ourselves in war as we really are - pretty nasty creatures - is a good thing."
The day I killed an enemy soldier, by Falklands veteran Ken Lukowiak
Naive, I know, but when I joined the army in 1979, I didn't believe for one minute that I'd actually end up in a war, never mind find myself in a situation where I had to kill someone.
It was June 14 1982, a gloriously crisp blue-skied morning, and we were on Wireless Ridge. For the first time we held high ground above Stanley, the capital of the Falklands, and in the distance we could see Argentines retreating. Over the radio a ceasefire came through and the order was given to make safe our weapons and only to use them again in self-defence. It was over.
Shortly after this good news a comrade and I walked through a now-defeated Argentine defensive position. Despite the various twisted and mutilated corpses that littered the ground we were happy. It was over and we were still walking and talking.
We came upon a trench which was covered at the bottom with a dirty green blanket. It moved and we both jumped back and re-cocked our weapons. From under the blanket appeared an Argentine sergeant, who, judging by his yawn and the fact he hadn't noticed us yet, had just woken. When he did see us he put his hands up and we gestured for him to climb from the trench. Once out, he was searched and then led away to a prisoner holding area by my friend. Having nothing better to do, I carried on searching the rest of the position. I approached another trench from the side. Crouched in it was a figure dressed in grey, shouldering a rifle. I saw him. He saw me. And without a thought I moved the first finger on my right hand. Bullets left the end of my machine gun. They impacted into his chest and threw him back against the side of his trench. He slid to the ground. His soul left him.
Before I could even begin to think about what had just occurred, I sensed movement to my right. Across the plateau, scurrying between the rocks and heading my way were three fellow paras. In a fraction of a second I became concerned for my own safety and quickly shouted: "It's all right, it's all right. I'm 2 Para, one of them was still alive, he had a gun."
When I came down off the plateau and rejoined the rest of my comrades I, and I don't know why, told no one of the life I had just taken on Wireless Ridge. Eight years passed before I talked about it.
Since those days I have dreamed of the war many times and even been pulled from my sleep sweating and breathless and in a panic. Yet I have never once given myself a bad time over the man I killed on Wireless Ridge. If I had not killed him he may have killed me.

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

4 Things You Didn’t Think Of Before Joining The Army

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So you decided to join the  Army because:

a. You are super patriotic. hero!
b. Your high school sweetheart broke up with you.
c.You had nothing better to do and going to war sounds cool.
You walk into the recruiter office and eyeball those posters of soldiers with stern faces of quiet dignity and confidence, you lack both. Words like Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity, and Personal Courage engulf you. Your recruiter, Staff Sergeant Snuffy, a former Ranger, tells you about the Army life, benefits, and brotherhood. Then with a wink and smirk, tells your scrawny, most likely pimply faced self, that chicks love men in uniform. You want that Army groupie loving; you sign up. You come home, tell your parents you’re joining; mom cries, dad sees your wasted potential. You just got your acceptance letter from the Devry Institute! They don’t understand, “I’m going to be all I can be, an Army of one, and Army Strong! Hooah!” you protest. Later, you’ll learn saying “Hooah!” makes you a total tool.

You do the research and know that it’s going to be physically tough and you may be blown up by an IED in Afghanistan — but, that’s part of the job you smugly tell yourself. You’re going to be part of the brotherhood of arms! You go off to Basic Combat Training where you will get destroyed by your Drill Sergeant; little did you know there are other things you didn’t think about…

1. Army Bases Are in Crappy Places of the Country
Have you ever dreamed of being trapped in a small, crappy, town in the middle of nowhere with your only options to leave are: Going to Afghanistan, Iraq, or Fort Leavenworth because you went AWOL? Great! Since you’re three times as likely to end up in world famous towns like Killeen, Texas, Fayetteville, North Carolina, Columbus, Georgia, Barstow, California, and Leesville, Louisiana as opposed to a place you may have actually heard of before one second ago. These towns are so horrifying in their lack of any social life outside of the military, that those poor souls who wasted their precious youth assigned to these wastelands are shaking their heads at this very moment, tears pending, thinking about all the drunken college girls they could have banged at their local State University.

The Army has a disproportionate amount of bases in the midwest and dirty south. Why? Army bases require a lot of land to operate and accommodate its soldiers, equipment, buildings, and training areas.

Land costs money.

Uncle Sam doesn’t believe in paying premium for land in places where soldiers actually want to live and have some semblance of happiness. Being happy and content is not what the Army values in its soldiers, it values getting the most out of them at the cheapest possible price.

Most of these local communities economy are highly dependent on the their respective military base.

The city of Killeen has 58,187 people (including soldiers) employed by Fort Hood, which is 68% of its total employed population. Killeen School District coming in at a pathetic second with 6,000 people. Fayetteville, a.k.a. Fayettenam, about 60,000 employed by Fort Bragg. You have to also consider all the money those soldiers are pumping into the economy with their purchases of the only things that numbs the pain, alcohol. With so much of the local economy depending on the Army base, it creates military culture and mentality that leaves little space for tree hugging, burning manning it up, and drum circles.

Sure, the Army has what have been dubbed “Dream Stations” like Germany, Italy, and Hawaii. But, like most of your dreams, they’ll never come true.
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2. Everyone You Meet for the Rest of Your Life Will Ask You if You Ever Killed Someone
When you picture being the Army, what do you think? You think about all those World War 2 and Vietnam War movies you saw growing up. The protagonists losing his innocence in the horrors of war and in the end we all learn that war is a senseless act and that a whole generation of men are forever destroyed. Now when you see a war veteran, what is the number one question you want to ask him? If he was that young man who barely made it out of the shit? You want to know if he has ever killed anyone or been shot at. Maybe the veteran has, maybe he hasn’t; either way, its none of your business. If he wants to tell you, that’s on him to tell, not on you to ask.

Nick Palmisciano, CEO of RangerUp, has by far the best rebuttal I’ve heard: “Really? You went there, does your wife like anal sex? Because that’s about how appropriate that question was.”

He points out that there are only three possible responses that you’ll get, which I’m paraphrasing:

No, they haven’t and you’ll probably thinking less of them for never having done so, because they don’t fit your idea of what a real veteran is supposed to be.
Yes, they have, they’re dealing with it in their own way, and don’t need to talk to you about it.
Yes, they have, and they’re just regretful they didn’t get that one knife kill.
3. You’ll Do Every Sort of Menial Labor Known to Man
I’m sure when you picture a normal day in the Army you envision: Going to the range, shooting off hundreds of rounds, practicing your closed quarter combat techniques, jumping out of airplanes, driving a Humvee around, and just being a coolest son of bitch around. That’s your life, everyday! Your gullibility is precious. You have to clean the barracks. Remember that high school job you had being a janitor at the abortion clinic? Well, cleaning up the barracks is just like that; but instead of cleaning up dead fetus blood and slutty teenage girl tears, you’re cleaning up young soldier blood, sweat, and tears caused by many a lengthy smoke session. The other shitty part, you don’t get the number of that slutty, teenage girl you know is down to fuck.

You know all rounds you shot at the range? There is brass leftover! You, as the cherry private have to police up those thousands of rounds your buddies and yourself shot. You also had to set up the range, unload the boxes of heavy ass ammo, and then break down the range again. You know that M4 you shot? Your ass better make sure that is spotless.

Jumping out of airplanes? Awesome… for the 15 seconds it lasts. Beforehand you had to wait, fully harnessed, for 2+ hours and afterwards there is Parachute Shake Out detail. Thats where all the privates and a few unlucky NCOs get to spend the night untangling and taking out all the weeds and brush that have been caught in the parachute while it dragged a soldier across the earth.

Basically, as a cherry private, you’re the detail bitch and it will stay that way until you become an NCO. You tough it out and suck it up because every single job does have its downsides. The downside to this job is doing all the shit details required to make the cool training possible.
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4. You’re Not Special
You become a soldier because of all the pride, honor, adventure, and to a lesser extent, because chicks dig men in uniform. The thing is, everyone you’re around, 10,000 to 50,000 people depending on which major base you’re assigned to, is also a soldier. You are not special at all. Unless you turn out to be one of those douchebags who wear their uniform with camelbak to the mall and have an Army Strong bumper sticker, you’re going to try to hide the fact that you’re a soldier. You will avoid saying what you do and sometimes you may flat out lie in a hopeless effort to disguise yourself. It won’t work because your hair cut and demeanor will you give away.

Why would you attempt this? Because around any Army base, soldiers are a commodity. Odds are, that voluptuous Latina you’re trying to pick up in the little black dress, is the daughter of a retired Sergeant Major or Colonel. You see that blonde over there with the amazing fake breasts? Her ex-husband is a Sergeant First Class and she now hates all Army guys because he cheated on her. That innocent looking petite Asian girl? She got a train ran on her by the Mortar Platoon last night. Or that slightly chubby chick who has a decent face and can become fuckable three or four drinks from now, her boyfriend is deployed and she is down to cheat.

These are facts of life around any sort of military base. You’re are not special by any means and simply being an Army guy will not net you any quality strange. Its great you’re serving your country and many women find it sexy. But so are the other thousands of soldiers around you. You have to develop other characteristics and qualities that distinguish you from your peers. Whether it be you can play the guitar, ride motorcycles, are funny as hell, mad beer bong skills, or you can write like a motherfucker. You must have a deeper personality than just being a man in uniform.


The Bomb Squad Scenario
The player is a bomb squad expert, typing over IM channel to a citizen (an NPC) who has found a bomb
that will go off very shortly if not defused. Once the bomb is exposed to view (it is not visible to the citizen,
a tip was received about it), there are five visible wires: red, green, blue, white, and black.
• A (Player):
– Must communicate that the correct sequence of wires to cut is green, red, then blue.
– Must keep the citizen focused on doing the right thing.
• B (NPC):
– Must project fear/tension.
– Make the player care about whether they live or die.
– Throw enough roadblocks in their way that it takes about 10 conversational turns to defuse the
Pair B1
Expert: Don’t be nervous, but there is a bomb next to you & I need your help defusing it.
Citizen: What?! Are you serious?
Expert: Yes. Just relax. I can tell you step-by-step how to defuse it.
Citizen: Oh my God. How long do I have? Where is it? Who are you?
Expert: It’s right next to you. It’s about knee high. I am Sgt. Smith with CPD. We have plenty of time to
defuse it. The first thing you have to do is simply lift the black cover off.
Citizen: Lift it off with what? What if it blows up?
Expert: We have established that there is no trigger mechanism attached to the lid. The lid is simply resting on
the box. You can lift the lid with your bare hands.
Citizen: Ok, I lifted off the top. What next?
Expert: You will see a bunch of colored wires in the box. Find a pair of scissors. That should not be hard
because you’re in an office building.
Citizen: I’ll look for some…where’s the S.W.A.T. team?
Expert: I am the SWAT team. You are too far for us to defuse the bomb for you. You have plenty of time to
defuse the bomb yourself. Just find the scissors.
Citizen: I found some, but I can’t do this, I’m just a janitor for Christ’s sake.
Expert: HabloespaƱol, seƱor. Primero, corta la wiraverde.
Citizen: ¡Gracias! Ok, estacortado. ¿Queahora?
Expert: Proximo, corta la azul.
Citizen: Hay dos mirasazules…unaeslenga y la otraescorta.
Expert: Corta la lenga.
Citizen: Ok.
Pair B2
Expert: Do you see the bomb?
Citizen: OH MY GOD: There’s a Bomb!?! Where?
Expert: Stay calm. I think it’s under your desk. Do you see it?
Citizen: OH, the Big Box with the blinking lights. I was wondering what that was. What do I do?
Expert: Use a screwdriver to remove the cover. Don’t worry, it can’t go off until you start cutting wires.
Citizen: OH No! I don’t have a screw driver.
Expert: You can use a coin. Do you have a coin?
Citizen: Yes. It’s a good thing I didn’t buy that Twix bar. Ok. The cover’s removed. It’s beeping at me.
Expert: Don’t worry. Beeping is normal. Now you should cut the GREEN wire only.
Citizen: All I have is a letter opener. I’ll just try to…AHH! I cut the red one too!
Expert: That’s okay. I lied. You were supposed to cut the red one also. Now cut only BLUE. No mistakes.
This is the last wire you need to cut.
Citizen: Ok Ok. It’s dark. I can’t tell if this wire is blue or black.
Expert: Use the glow from your cell phone.
Citizen: OK. Good Idea! I’ll put the phone down.
Pair B3
Expert: Ok, I need you to stay calm.
Citizen: How can I stay calm in this situation? I am about to die!
Expert: I’ve done this a hundred times. It’s easy. You’ll be fine.
Citizen: But I am only a simple farming man with no bomb diffusing experience.
Expert: That’s why I’m going to tell you exactly what to do. Now, open the ice box.
Citizen: OK. You’re the expert; I’ve opened the ice box.
Expert: Ok, do you see all those wires?
Citizen: The wires under the swiss cheese?
Expert: Right. Now, do you have something to cut them with? You’re a farmer, so you should have a hoe or
Citizen: Of course I have a hoe. But isn’t time running out?!
Expert: You’re doing just fine. Now, I need you to cut the green wire. Make sure not to touch any of the other
Citizen: Alright. My fine farming skills have come in handy as I cut the green, bean-like wire.
Expert: I’m sure you’re a very good farmer. Now, the red wire.
Citizen: Ok, I have cut the red.
Expert: Finally, just carefully cut the blue wire.
Citizen: And I have cut the blue. Time to celebrate with a barn-rising in your honor.
Pair B4
Citizen: OH GOD, oh GOD I don’t want to die!!
Expert: It’s OK. Just be calm & tell me what you see.
Citizen: I see a bunch of something plastic with the letters “C 4” on it. A screen which is blank and 5 wires. Oh
Jesus my daughter is turning 4 today.
Expert: It’s ok. You’ll be fine. What color are the wires?
Citizen: Blue, black, white , red and green. Oh god it just started beeping…Oh God I don’t want to die!
Expert: OK. I know exactly what we are dealing with. I am going to need you to cut some of the wires, ok?
Citizen: Ok but we better hurry! The beeping stopped and the screen lit up. It’s counting down. 59, 58…
Expert: OK. Cut the green wire.
Citizen: With what!?
Expert: Anything that you can find. A knife, scissors, a rock, anything.
Citizen: Ok, I’ve got a rock. Cutting the green wire! OH GOD! Great, it’s cut 41…40…
Expert: OK now cut the red one.
Citizen: OK…Done! OH MY GOD the countdown sped up! 22…21…
Expert: OK the blue one now. Quickly!
Citizen: OH God don’t let me die!! IT STOPPED. YOU Did it! It stopped! You saved my Life!!!
Expert: I told you it would be ok. Everything should be fine now. We’ll send someone to pick up the bomb.
Pair B5
Expert: Hello, citizen, I am Bruce Willis of the NYPD. I need your help!
Citizen: Can I outrun this thing? Are you saying I do this or I die?!?
Expert: You are not in danger. But the bomb is planted under the display case full of baby kittens towards the
back of the store. If you don’t help, they’ll all blow up sky high!
Citizen: Back there…I see a suitcase! Oh my god oh my god that’s it!
Expert: Please remain calm. Now open the suitcase very slowly.
Citizen: Okay…whoaaa. Do you GUARANTEE you know exactly how to do this?
Expert: Just remember—you’re doing this for the kittens. Quickly—cut the green wire!
Citizen: Green green, found it—you’re really sure?
Expert: Yes. Gently cut the wire.
Citizen: Okay. I have two kittens at home, you know…Done.
Expert: Good job. I would like to meet your kittens one day. Now cut the red wire followed by the blue wire.
Citizen: Red…the timer’s still going. Wait, did you say blue or black?
Expert: It’s ok. Cut the blue wire to save the kittens. Then you can cuddle with the kittens.
Citizen: Okay, uh…here goes. Done. Done! That’s it!
Expert: Good job, citizen!


Despite budget cuts and a reduction in size, the US has maintained its position as the world's strongest military, according to a report on globalization from Credit Suisse.

While the US is still far and away the world's top military superpower, Russia and China are its closest rivals. Canada, however, is the weakest of the twenty countries on the list.

Credit Suisse acknowledged the difficulties of determining comparative military strength in its report. To provide a benchmark, the report assigns weighted values for six variables before tabulating a final score.

The factors under consideration for military strength and their total weights are: number of active personnel (5% of total score), tanks (10%), attack helicopters (15%), aircraft (20%), aircraft carriers (25%), and submarines (25%).

The ranking defines military might in purely quantitative terms and does not account for the actual quality of the arms and training that the militaries may have. As such, the placement of some countries on the list may come as a surprise.

The world's 20 strongest militaries are below.

View As: One Page Slides

20) Canada
20) Canada

Active frontline personnel: 92,000
Tanks: 181
Total aircraft: 420
Submarines: 4

Canada ended up at the bottom of the list due to the country's small number of active personnel, its lack of aircraft carriers and attack helicopters, and its small number of tanks and submarines. However, Canada has still taken part in US operations in Afghanistan and Iraq and it is a member of the NATO military alliance.

Canada is also a partner in the US F-35 program, although it may decline the purchase of F-35s depending upon the outcome of elections in October.

19) Indonesia
19) Indonesia
SBudget: $6.9 billion
Active frontline personnel: 476,000
Tanks: 468
Total aircraft: 405
Submarines: 2

The Indonesian military placed above Canada due its high numbers of active personnel and its relatively large number of tanks. The military, however, suffers from a lack of carriers and aircraft, as well as a minute number of submarines.

18) Germany
18) Germany

Budget: $40.2 billion
Active frontline personnel: 179,046
Tanks: 408
Total aircraft: 663
Submarines: 4

The German military ended up low on the list due to their lack of power projection platforms. Germany does not have an aircraft carrier and has relatively few submarines which, according to the Credit Suisse methodology, drops its ranking.

But Germany does have a fair number of attack helicopters. Recently, the country has started considering offering military support to eastern European NATO members.

17) Poland
17) Poland
Budget: $9.4 billion
Active frontline personnel: 120,000
Tanks: 1,009
Total aircraft: 467
Submarines: 5

Poland edges out Germany in the list due to its larger number of tanks and a more fleshed out submarine fleet. Poland has also drastically increased its military spending in reaction to Russia's seizure of Crimea and the ongoing Ukraine crisis.

16) Thailand
16) Thailand
Budget: $5.39 billion
Active frontline personnel: 306,000
Tanks: 722
Total aircraft: 573
Submarines: 0

Thailand's military is currently in control of the country following a coup in May 2014. The military is a major player in maintaining Thai unity, and Thailand receives strong scores from Credit Suisse for its number of active personnel, its number of tanks, and its possession of an aircraft carrier.

Thailand also scores well as it has an aircraft carrier, although it does not have an aircraft fleet to complement the vessel.

15) Australia
15) Australia

Budget: $26.1 billion
Active frontline personnel: 58,000
Tanks: 59
Total aircraft: 408
Submarines: 6

Australia's military is comparatively small — it receives bottom scores on the report for the number of active personnel and the number of tanks. It also receives near bottom scores for the number of aircraft it has in its fleet.

Credit Suisse boosts Australia's ranking due to its attack helicopters and submarines though.

14) Israel
14) Israel
Israeli soldiers secure the Israel-Lebanon border, Wednesday, Jan. 28, 2015. The Lebanese Hezbollah group is claiming responsibility for today’s attack on an Israeli military convoy. Ariel Schalit/AP
Budget: $17 billion
Active frontline personnel: 160,000
Tanks: 4,170
Total aircraft: 684
Submarines: 5

In absolute terms, Israel has a small military. But with mandatory military service a large percentage of the Israeli population is militarily ready. With a past history of being surrounded by aggressive neighbors, Israel also has a large tank, aircraft, and attack helicopter fleet.

Israel also has qualitative military advantages. It has space assets, advanced fighter jets, high-tech armed drones, and nuclear weapons.

13) Taiwan
13) Taiwan

Budget: $10.7 billion
Active frontline personnel: 290,000
Tanks: 2,005
Total aircraft: 804
Submarines: 4

Threatened by China, which continues to have plans for how to invade and retake the country, Tawain has focused its military development on defensive plans. As such, the island has the fifth highest number of attack helicopters in the list. It also has a fairly large fleet of aircraft and a number of tanks.

12) Egypt
12) Egypt
Budget: $4.4 billion
Active frontline personnel: 468,500
Tanks: 4,624
Total aircraft: 1,107
Submarines: 4

The Egyptian military is one of the oldest and largest armed forces in the Middle East. It receives substantial financial aid from the US and has the fifth largest tank fleet in the world. It has over 1,000 M1A1 Abrams tanks, many of which sit in storage and have never been used.

Egypt also has a relatively large aircraft force.

11) Pakistan
11) Pakistan
Budget: $7 billion
Active frontline personnel: 617,000
Tanks: 2,924
Total aircraft: 914
Submarines: 8

The Pakistani military is one of the largest forces in the world, in terms of active personnel. Credit Suisse also credits the country with having large tank, aircraft, and attack helicopter fleets.

In addition, Pakistan is thought to be building nuclear weapons at a fast enough rate that it could have the world's third largest nuclear arsenal within the following decade.

10) Turkey
10) Turkey

Budget: $18.2 billion
Active frontline personnel: 410,500
Tanks: 3,778
Total aircraft: 1,020
Submarines: 13

Turkey's armed forces are one of the largest in the eastern Mediterranean. Although lacking an aircraft carrier, only five countries on Credit Suisse's list have more submarines than Turkey.

In addition, the country can lay claim to an impressively large tank fleet as well as numerous aircraft and attack helicopters.

Turkey is also a committed member of the F-35 program.

9) United Kingdom
9) United Kingdom
Budget: $60.5 billion
Active frontline personnel: 146,980
Tanks: 407
Total aircraft: 936
Submarines: 10

Although the UK is planning to reduce the size of its armed forces by 20% between 2010 and 2018, it can count on being able to project its power around the world.

The Royal Navy is planning to put the HMS Queen Elizabeth, an aircraft carrier that has a flight deck measuring at 4.5 acres, into service in 2020, carrying 40 F-35B joint strike fighters across the globe.

8) Italy
8) Italy
Budget: $34 billion
Active frontline personnel: 320,000
Tanks: 586
Total aircraft: 760
Submarines: 6

The Italian military placed highly on Credit Suisse's report due to the country's possession of two active aircraft carriers. These carriers, in addition to the country's relatively large submarine and attack helicopter fleets, drastically boosted Italy's ranking.

7) South Korea
7) South Korea

Budget: $62.3 billion
Active frontline personnel: 624,465
Tanks: 2,381
Total aircraft: 1,412
Submarines: 13

South Korea has been left with little choice but to have a large and capable military in the face of potential North Korean aggression. With those realities in mind, South Korea has a number of submarines, attack helicopters, and active personnel.

The country also has numerous tanks and the sixth largest air force in the world.

6) France
6) France
Algerian border.Stringer ./REUTERS
Budget: $62.3 billion
Active frontline personnel: 202,761
Tanks: 423
Total aircraft: 1,264
Submarines: 10

The French military is relatively small but highly trained, professional, and capable of force projection.

The country has the nearly new aircraft carrier the Charles de Gaulle, and France routinely engages in military deployments throughout Africa to help stabilize governments and fight against extremism.

5) India
5) India

Budget: $50 billion
Active frontline personnel: 1,325,000
Tanks: 6,464
Total aircraft: 1,905
Submarines: 15

India is one of the largest military powers on the planet. It has the most active manpower of any country aside from China and the US, in addition to the most tanks and aircraft of any country besides the US, China, or Russia.

India also has access to nuclear weapons. It's expected to become the fourth highest military spender on earth by 2020.

4) Japan
4) Japan

Budget: $41.6 billion
Active frontline personnel: 247,173
Tanks: 678
Total aircraft: 1,613
Submarines: 16

In absolute terms, the Japanese military is relatively small. Nonetheless, the country is extremely well equipped.

According to Credit Suisse, it has the fourth largest submarine fleet in the list. Japan also has four aircraft carriers, although these vessels are only equipped with helicopter fleets.

Japan also has the fourth largest attack helicopter fleet behind China, Russia, and the US.

3) China
3) China
Budget: $216 billion
Active frontline personnel: 2,333,000
Tanks: 9,150
Total aircraft: 2,860
Submarines: 67

The Chinese military has grown rapidly in terms of both size and capability in the past few decades. In terms of raw manpower, it's the largest military in the world. It also has the second largest tank fleet behind Russia and the second largest submarine fleet behind the US.

China has also made rapid strides in its military modernization program, now developing a range of potentially game-changing military technologies including ballistic missiles and fifth-generation aircraft.

2) Russia
Budget: $84.5 billion
Active frontline personnel: 766,055
Tanks: 15,398
Total aircraft: 3,429
Submarines: 55

The Russian armed forces are the unquestioned second strongest military power in the world. Russia has the world's largest tank fleet, the second largest aircraft fleet behind the US, and the third largest submarine fleet behind the US and China.

The Kremlin's military spending has increased by almost a third since 2008 and is expected to grow 44% more in the next three years. Russia has also demonstrated its ability to project force abroad with its deployment of soldiers to Syria.

1) United States
1) United States

Budget: $601 billion
Active frontline personnel: 1,400,000
Tanks: 8,848
Total aircraft: 13,892
Submarines: 72

Despite sequestration and other spending cuts, the United States spends more money — $601 billion — on defense than the next nine countries on Credit Suisse's index combined.

America's biggest conventional military advantage is its fleet of 10 aircraft carriers. In comparison India, which is constructing its third carrier, has the second-most carriers in the world.

The US also has by far the most aircraft of any country, cutting-edge technology like the Navy's new rail gun, a large and well-trained human force — and that's not even counting the world's largest nuclear arsenal.

Will You Support The Military To Stops Admission Of Combatant Female Cadets ?

Will You Support The Military To Stops
Admission Of Combatant Female Cadets ?
In a major policy reversal, the Nigerian
military is set to end the admission of female
cadets into the combatant course of the
Nigerian Defence Academy, we just learnt.
A set of 20 females, nicknamed Jonathan
Queens, were first admitted into the course in
Nigeria’s premier military officer training
institution during the former President
Goodluck Jonathan’s administration in 2011.
It was learnt that the recommendation to end
the programme was made by the Armed
Forces Council which was inaugurated by
President Muhammadu Buhari last week.
Buhari had also last week ratified the National
Defence Policy 2017 (Revised); Harmonised
Terms and Conditions of Service Officers 2017.
Recommendation 19 of the Harmonised Terms
and Conditions of the Armed Forces of Nigeria
was sighted by one of our correspondents on
It read, “Phase out the training of female
regular combatant cadets.”
A serving general in the Nigerian Army told our
correspondent that the military took the
decision due to complaints from some
unnamed northern leaders.
The general, who pleaded anonymity because
he was not authorised to speak on the issue,
explained that there were various types of
commissions in the Armed Forces namely:
Regular Combatant Commission, Short Service
Combatant Commission, Direct Regular
Commission, Direct Short Service and Executive
He said, “It is only the Regular Combatant
Commission that can give an officer the
opportunity to aspire to head any of the
services or rise to become the Chief of
Defence Staff, while the others have limited
career path. If the military is able to scrap this
programme, women will never be able to head
any of the arms of the Nigerian military.
The general said those pushing for the
scrapping of the programme had convinced
federal government that women were not
doing well in the programme.
He said, “When we started the training of
female cadets in 2011, we never thought it
would be successful. When the first set of
women cadets graduated from the academy
last year, women won three awards, including
the best award in the navy category.
“A female cadet, C. Lord-Mallam, won the Navy
Gold award which is the highest in the navy
category. The Army Silver award, which is the
second highest in the army, went to a female
cadet, K. O Dayo-Karim. The Air Force Silver
award was also won by a female cadet, O. S
The general said, “I was informed that the
women were trained just like the men were
trained. They were not given any preferential
treatment. Two of these female cadets beat
their male counterparts to win placement at
the United States Military Academy in West
Point and they are doing well.
In 2010, the then President, Goodluck
Jonathan, had ordered the military to allow
females interested in becoming combatant
officers of the Nigerian armed forces to be
admitted into the NDA for the first time ever.
He had said, “Presently, we have female
armoured tank drivers, female Para-troopers,
jumpers, and so on. We want to have strong,
virile armed forces devoid of discrimination.”
What is your opinion on this ?

Thursday, 9 November 2017


Firstly You Need to be careful of those fraudsters that will ask you to Bring Money so that you will be in NDA,
You will End being Scammed.

*Important Tips*
It all depend on Boldness and great Confidence for one to make the Nigerian Defence Academy Armed Forces Selection Board. My dear Fellow citizens please try and follow these steps below that am about to List out. if you are truly determine to Pass NDA AFSB. But Before I do that Let me give you a little guard line on how to go about NDAEE (Nigerian Defence Academy Entrance Examination). Get an NDA compendium, try and study from 2000 to 2015 and ensure you back up your study with text book. Do not waste your time in one question but ensure you answer all the questions before leaving the hall. Then lastly know your current affair (For PSDS). Please Note this: what am about to tell you now is based on Experience and also from other information I gathered when I was fighting to gain ADMISSION into NDA. Whatever I tell you will be very helpful to you as long as NDA AFSB is concern.
Now these are the steps to follow:
• Make sure you go for medical check-up before applying for NDA in order to know if you are medically fit enough and in case you have a critical medical problem so that there will be enough time for you to treat it before going for AFSB. NOTE: No miracle On earth can ever Happen to you when you are not Medically fit even if you have the strongest godfather on earth. Medical screening in NDA AFSB is one of the toughest and Deadly part during the selection because it can eliminate or disqualify almost a full state. As we go further, I will give you the breakdown of the test been conducted out there.
• Immediately after your NDA Entrance Exam start doing some physical Exercises such as push up, sit up, pull up, this pull up will help you a lot because it will enable you to carry your weight when climbing the Last rope during the individual Obstacle Crossing. Also start jogging immediately, try and increase your speed when jogging, establish a particular pace or a constant pace which you can start with and also end up with without stopping or gassing out during the race. NOTE: don't be too fast or too slow when jogging, just maintain a constant speed. The importance of this race is to control your breathing habit and also build your Endurance Spirit. If you don't like running you better start it now unless you want to apply again.
Start reading current affairs, try and know what’s going around the World, Study much about your state, Known the names of governors in Nigeria and also solving some basic mathematics problems such as LCF, HCF, Simplification, factorization etc. This will really help you in your APPITUDE TEST and also for those applying for Engineering Courses, Computer science; physics and Mathematics solve a lot of basic mathematical problems because you will solve some maths problems before facing the Board.
4. Stop Every Drug that you have been taking quit Smoking, Alcoholic Drink and Make Sure you Always Drink a lot of water in order to filter every Toxic substances from your body especially if you have been Taking Drugs a lot.
5. Make sure all your Credentials are correct and complete. You will blame yourself if you are disqualified because of your Credentials.
6. Buy all the Necessary Items required for the interview. It is better you go with extra items in case you misplace or Damage anyone of them. When going for Afsb, ensure you go with provisions such as: Tea, Milk, Cornflakes, biscuit etc. It is allowed. Don't go and be acting like a don there. It’s all about you alone to make it not others
(Na Only You Waka Come)
On Arrival for The Afsb, candidate will be Searched. Phones, Sharp object, and other Devices will be searched for. Make sure you don't go in With your phone otherwise it will be condemned in front of your very eyes. But if you are smart enough you can smuggle it in (but it’s not advisable). After the Searching Operation is concluded. You will be asked to say your name then the NDA officials who are in charge of Candidates Registration for AFSB will have to check for your name if truly your name was shortlisted. After that you will be given a Chest number which occurs according to how your name appears on The Exam List. It will be counted backwardly; mine appeared in no.8 on the List so automatically my chest no. Was ED43 .This Chest number will be your Identity. Your name Will be your chest number as long as NDA AFSB is concern (LoL) funny right?.. Then After the Registration, you will be marched to the Drill Shed where Credentials Screening and Assessment will take place immediately.
Your Neco or Waec Scratch Card will be collected from you while if you don't have, you will pay an amount of money for the Card. Then you will be issued a form to fill. You will have to write your name, your Waec or Neco Exam no., the grade you have in your certificate, your Age, your jamb registration no. Etc. After writing it, you will then submit it alongside with your duplicated Certificates to AFSB staff in charge of your state. Make sure all your certificates is complete and All your information provided are correct because this is where your Screening starts from. All your certificates and details from the day you reported will be documented in a special file which will later be passed on to the board-men if you eventually scale through all the elimination stages. Then the Credentials Screening Result will be called after some days. So those found guilty with their Certificates will be sent Home.
Formally, Medical test usually comes immediately after Credentials or certificates Screening but this time around it was changed. This psychological test has to do with your reasoning and ability to think fast and have a good calculation of something. You will be provided with shapes, Lines, pictures to Analyse and Arranged. You will also be faced with some personal questions. The questions are all about yourself. Give them an answer that suits your status otherwise your Arm of service might be change or even your course of study because this is where they want to know who you really are. I was given NA instead Of NN which I also thank God For. I knew I will be Given NA after an Officer told us the reason for the Psychological Test. (Lol. I was Like.... OMG!!! Armmyy!! On point oo). This test is very easy but very easy to fail and be confused. Try and read the questions, analyse the shapes and Lines and understand them before you give your answers.
a. The B.P Test (Blood Pressure)
The first Stage of the medical screening my state did in this 68rc was B.P(Blood Pressure). This stage seems easy and simple but it can easily eliminate almost a full state. Try and keep your heart calm, avoid thinking much especially from the day you report for AFSB. This B.P test disqualified a lot of candidates in this 68rc.
b. Height and Weight
This is another simple but a Technical stage of the Afsb Medical test. This is where your Height and Weight will be checked. If you fall short of the requirement you will be disqualified. A lot of candidates were disqualified also because of Height and Weight. This Height and Weight is used to calculate your BMI(Body Mass Index)
The minimum requirement of height for Boys is 1.68m while for girls is 1.50m.
c. Dental Examination
This is the stage where your teeth will be examined to see if it is faulty and properly Arranged. Your teeth wil also be examined to know if it is infected.
d. Eye Test
This is the stage where your Eyes will be tested to know if you have any Eye problem. You will be tested for Colour Blindness, long sightedness And Short sightedness. Ensure you read whatever later they ask you to read very very well. Call the alphabet you see very loud. Don't allow fear to deprive you of your success.
e. Physical Medical check up
This is the stage where you will be strip naked, your balls will be checked if it is complete, that’s for the boys While for the girls your boobs will be checked. Other things will also be checked for such as flat foot, pile, for pile: you will have to open your anus then bend down and cough very well. They will also check for Tattoos, chest measurement, bow legs, and any surgical Scar or mark and any other abnormality in your body. If it is critical you will be disqualified immediately. This stage is one of the deadliest stage in medical screening... It looks simple but any little error in you might send you back to your father's Village immediately.
f. Electrocardiogram
In this stage, some electrical wires will be placed on your chest i.e. to the heart; it will also be place on your legs and hands. Then the machine will start its reading. The essence of this test is to check if your heart functions well and if your breathing Rate is normal. This test is very critical because the result is hardly tempered with. Your godfather can't do anything here if you have any heart problem so it is advisable you do the test before going.
g. Blood And Urine Test
A sample of your blood and urine will be collected for laboratory test. The essence is to check your Blood group, Hepatitis B, genotype, HIV status, your sugar Level, if you are a smoker, a drug addict and any other Blood related diseases. This stage is also very vital and Critical because you can't predict if your blood and urine is completely pure and ok at that moment.
h. X-Ray
This is the stage where your chest and bone will be examined in order to see if your bone and chest is in the proper format. You will be told to Breath in and Out for some time.
• 3.2KM RACE
Oboy!! Many candidates are always afraid in this stage but it's one of the simplest stage ever only if you follow those tips I gave you initially. The 3.2km race is all about *ENDURANCE*. You can easily make the race only if you go for regular Road work(jogging) at least 3times a week then you have no problem. I started my road work since Last 2years. That is, before I Took NDA 68RC form. I was the second person in my state to make the first cage of the race. Well let me give you some Clue about it. You will be told to complete your race between 0 sec -18 mins for the boys for first Cage, while the girls are to complete their race within 0 se c- 22 mins for first Cage. Anything below this time will either place you in second Cage, third Cage and Fourth Cage. Don't run too fast immediately the race kick off. Try to get close to those at the front even if they are running faster than you like an Antelope, do not allow them to give you a long space. Close your mouth when running then when you begin to feel heaviness in your heart, huh! just open your mouth a little when you feel very tired as if you wanna die so that air can penetrate through your mouth and nose in order to gain a proper breathing. You will be given a yellow plastic card as you are running then it will be collected from you after the race. This will enable them to know if you followed the Right route during the race and to also prevent candidates from using the short cut.
• Aptitude Test
This stage is where you are required to write an ESSAY and also answer some Objective questions. The objective questions is a random question coming from mathematics, English, Government, And Current Affairs such as football, latest news and event about other foreign countries etc. while for other courses you will have to study those guard lines I gave in the introduction. You will be giving a single Objective answer sheet just like the one they issue to us during our Entrance Exam. While after your objective questions you will also be giving a sheet of paper for your Essay writing. You might be asked by them (Afsb) with this question *WHY DO YOU WANT TO BECOME A MILITARY OFFICER*, *WHY IS NIGERIA A GREAT NATION* etc. Write what you know very well and what you are sure of. Don't Write grammar or try to show that you have PhD in English Language. That is why it is always advisable for you to prepare yourself very well before going for AFSB.
• Individual Obstacle Crossing
What is required in this stage is your Endurance and agility. Make sure you drink a lot of water and do Some exercise before proceeding to face this stage. So, this is where those push up, sit up, pull up that you having been doing will be of great help to you. You will be faced with 10 different Obstacles which I can't really name.
i. The first one is coloured red which you will have to jump over without touching it.
ii. Then the next one is painted with green, you will have to jump this one with your Hand and Leg touching it because it is a bit higher than that of the Red Pole.
iii. The next on board is crawling with your stomach under some Metal wire.
iv. Leaping up with your hands and Legs in order for you to be able to fly the fence(for both Boys and Girls) some candidates can't pass this stage due to their Height. NOTE: You will be given a score each time you are able to cross each Section of these Obstacles successfully.
v. You will run across a shape that looks like triangle made with block. You must ensure you land on the ground with your two feet together.
vi. You will also come across an Obstacle were you will be required to crossover with the rope in front of you. Is very easy to cross (But Some Fat Dudes Like My Biggy Panda Can't Do that or Might find it difficult to swing over) I call it Tarzan Crossing because you Will have to hold the rope and swing yourself to the other side without your leg touching the Red Rope tied across the pole there.
vii. You will come across another Stage which we call *The Monkey Hand Bridge* your push will really help you in this stage because you will have to cross yourself with the use of your Hands only without your leg touching the ground. Most candidates always find this part difficult to cross especially the female Candidates. You will also have to swing yourself very well without touching the Red Rope tied Across the finish point of this stage. NOTE: Anything Red means Danger or Death while The Green is Save and Friendly.
viii. You will come across 2 pits, one is wider than the other one. The wider one is for the Big boys while The smaller one is for The Girls. Make sure you run as fast as you can before jumping it especially for those that are not that tall in height otherwise you may end up having a scratch or injury on your leg.
ix. once you get to this stage successfully just have it in mind that you are almost done. You will come across 8Tunnels which you will have to crawl inside and come out from the other side. This is where we normally get stained Like pigs and also sustain Injury on the kneel and elbow.
x. This is the last stage which required all that you have been training yourself for and this stage carry's more score than the others. A lot of candidates always have problem in this stage especially the females. Well it’s a bit easy only if you are constant with those exercises I earlier mentioned. It’s all about Endurance and brainwork (is not by muscles or power). Immediately you get to this stage make sure your hands are totally dried. If they are not take a sand and rob it on your hands or clean them very well with your cloth for easy climbing and gripping and also in Order to avoid slippery when climbing the Last rope. You will come across a very tall Pole with about 5 or 6 Rope tied on it. Grab one of them and Start climbing. Hold the rope first then you place your right hand at the upper part of the rope above your head then you do the same to your left and then pull yourself up. It will be in this form 1 2 3 pull, 1 2 3 pull, that is 1(your right hand first should go up when grabbing the rope), 2(Your left hand Should have the same Alignment with your Right hand you place upward before, then 3(you pull your body upward with your hand holding the rope firmly) and with your legs wrapping the rope. Repeat this procedure up to 8times then you will be very surprise to see yourself at the finish point. NOTE: You must touch or kiss the upper cross bar before coming down then The Officers there will give you your full score. After that you can go and snap many pictures as you desired because you will be certified Physically fit. Haha.

• Group Obstacle Crossing
In this stage, your state will be divided into two Or Three groups depending on the total number of candidates who made it out from the Elimination stage. There are many group obstacles in the field but you will only be required to make use of three(3) or four(4) as the Case maybe. The one I know of Is Retrieving the Riffle, Retrieving the Diamond and Retrieving the scroll. This 3 group obstacles are very technical so it required a lot of thinking before you can do anything. You and your team will be giving just 4mints each to Read each and every obstacle problem there. That is the three. But your group will have to finish one obstacle before proceeding to the next one. In this stage a Leader is required who will have to give directives on who should go in first and what other activities others in the group should do. The Lightest person is always instructed to go in. But my Advice to you my brothers and sisters is that you should not Stand there Like a Forbidden tree watching. Make sure you do something or if possible try and be the group leader because you will be given an Additional mark if you act as a Leader or partake in the Activities. REMEMBER THIS: your Fellow State Candidate is your Greatest Enemy as far as AFSB Screening Exercise Is Concern that is just the truth Even right from the Day you wrote your EE. So try and do all you can to make a good point in order for you to have a high Chance of being Selected.
• Modelling
This stage is also a very technical Stage where your Confidence will be tested to know if you are capable of bringing quick solution to a possible situation.
The modelling comprises of various Populated and Urbanized Areas in Kaduna State. And each of these towns have their own various problems that must be tackled urgently by you. You will find different Toys, colours, roads objects, etc. there. All of these representing real life Status. Such as Car, boat, house, horse, donkey, tricycle, helicopter, human, tree, river, Ambulance etc. All these are found there.
You will be instructed to pick a piece of paper from the rest papers there with each of them containing the various problems of each town in Kaduna. You will be given just 4mints to read what is inside the paper you choose (problem). Then after that you will be instructed to keep the paper and Step forward to Explain and give a possible solution to the problem (Some candidates usually turn to Stammers when it comes to this. Just Like my Friend) NOTE: All the problems in each of the Town present in the Model is written On different papers among which you will choose one of them without knowing the particular town you are about to choose.
Try and understand the problem and also try and view the town in the model as you are Reading it so that you will have a clear understanding of the situation. If you can't understand it then there is no way you can give any answer to the problem in that case you will end up messing yourself up.
Be Bold to face and Talk to them. Do not rush your words as if you have hot rice burning in your mouth. If you are able to conquer this stage!, then you are fully prepared to face the Gallant Board.
• Facing The Board Or Judgment Hour:
This is the stage which I(Grand) call the Judgement Day. If you are a Christian pray as never before in your Life, scream, cry, shout, until you can no longer talk again. Pray until your Saliver get dried up while if you are a Muslim, increase your praying hour, hit your forehead on the floor until your head starts bleeding, pray until your kneel Start's bleeding because this stage is where your faith will be decided. This is where All your effort right from the day your took the NDA form will be finalized because all your Documents and information will be presented to them and will be thoroughly Accessed even before you step in to the room to face them on the hot sit.
Your State will be called in one after the other according to your Chest number. It is always one person at a time. Once you get in, wait for them to order you to sit before sitting. Don't go there and sit Like a King or Chairman. Be yourself and Coordinate your feelings, don't be too slow and don't be too fast when talking to them. Don't present yourself to them just to show them that you are very smart. Be yourself and Look straight to their faces. Answer them with boldness, have that self-confidence and Determination that you can beat whatever question you will be asked by them. Never you open your *Buca Cavity* (Mouth) to tell the Board men *NO IDEAL* because you will so much hate yourself with the kind of remark you will receive from them.
You will be ordered to sit down then you will be asked to introduce yourself to them.
After that, you will be asked questions relating to your Course of Study. For those That want to study *PSDS* make sure you Study your Current Affairs and Government Text Book Very well. Try and Know the Current Events going on in Nigeria and Other Countries e.g. U.S.A, Britain, Russia, France, China etc. Try and master Chapter1 to Chapter5 of Your Government Text Book. While for those offering Engineering Courses Try and know your formulas and also know how to use them well in Calculations. Learn how to derive Formulas and also How to proof formulas. And for others Offering Science courses Try and Study your biology very well especially the bases. Start from Chapter1 to chapter7. Try and master them. Then for Social science Like Accounting, Geography, Economics etc. Study the main subject of your course. For geography study Rock, Climate, Proof of the Earth being spherical etc.
Their Questions sometimes is Easy if you are Lucky but sometimes it is very confusing and Technical which can easily knock you off balance for some minutes. My main Advice Goes to those who want to do calculation courses. Please! Try and Solve Calculation Questions both in mathematics, Physics or even Chemistry the reason is because you will be given another Equation to solve on that very day before facing the board. This situation occurred to 2nd Batch Candidates though I don't know about 1st Batch. You may also be given a dark Marker to Solve some equation on the board for the Board men.
Lol! Some Candidate will almost get to a Freezing point at this situation.
Please my dear people do not let fear to defeat you in this stage because you have work so hard for it and you have come this far. So therefore do not let go. This is the stage where your Destiny of becoming a military officer will be decided. So try and be a man and Face the Gentle and Friendly Officers. They will not swallow your Head up. They just want to see your confidence and Smartness. Keep calm and Concentrate, I bet you!' You will come out smiling and laughing. It doesn't matter if you are an Ex-Boy or Ex-commando. Though they have more chances Anyway. But If you perform very well in everything and you pray to God for his Grace to Assist you, I tell you Dear you will be Selected. I have a lot of friends who made it Through God’s grace alone.
NOTE: 70% Of Merit Is Highly Considered in NDA Now and there are some Cadets in the Academy now who made it through that same Merit.